|Area: Bach |
|Dug in Year: 2001 |
|Feature Type: '2nd red' fire installation |
|Location: in the centre of F. 775, western part of kitchen |
|Grid X: 1055.02 Grid Y: 1184.78|
|Second red fire installation in F. 775.|
The floor of this fire installation (most probably oven) lies directly beneath the floor of the "the first red fire installation" - F. 777. It was surrounded by sequence of floors and packings which were connected with previously excavated fire installations in this area (check matrix for F. 775).
After removing the floor visible after removing F. 777, it became obvious that this oven had more than one phase of usage. First floor was made of baked reddish brown clay (builiding material with flat surface), with base of completely loose sandy reddish soil right above second floor. While the first floor was excavated, the relationship between the oven phases and floors in F. 775 and rest of the kitchen was established. It seems that floor #1 of the oven corresponds with the floor #10 (unit 8378) or #11 (unit 8449), and floor #2 with earlier floors in the kitchen. During excavation of the rim it was discovered that it is sitting on floor #12 in the kitchen, at least its first phase. What is interesting is that north of F. 778 more floor layers were encountered than in the south, which may suggest that They were trying to solve the problem of sloping of the kitchen surface towards north by putting extra floors and packings in this zone. Also a make-up material that was found in the north portion of kitchen can indicate the same idea.
Second floor of the oven is orange/red and circular in shape, while the first floor and rim were rectangular. It consisted of pieces of scorched clay mixed with sandy red clay, so it looked more like a substructure (foundation) for the oven (but still, it could be a floor destroyed when the new one was placed there). It was removed together with underlying layer of burnt clay, dark brown in colour, with sort of grainy structure (reticulate) which stretches underneath the second rim, too. This rim was made of white plaster and is actually a continuation of surrounding floor in the kitchen (#13), but curving above the oven edge. While removing this floor #13/rim #2 and the oven base, it was revealed that the oven was sitting directly on the midden and that floors #14 and 15 were connected with its base. This may mean that this oven was built in the 1st phase of building 3, that is, it was one of the earliest feature in the house.
A small shallow depression in the midden surface is visible in the place where the oven once was.
|In situ Conservation: No |
|Lifted: Yes |
|Feature Relationships: |
|below: (Click to view the record) 777 |
|in connection with: (Click to view the record) 791 |
|inside: (Click to view the record) 775 |
|Number of Related Diary Entries: 0|
|Conservation Recorded: No|
|Buildings: (Click to view the record) |
|Spaces: (Click to view the record) |
|No. Of Units in this Feature: 8 (Click here to view unit list)|